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بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
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1.
[24:40]
Aw kathulumatin fee bahrinlujjiyyin yaghshahu mawjun min fawqihi mawjun min fawqihisahabun thulumatun baAAduhafawqa baAAdin itha akhraja yadahu lam yakad yarahawaman lam yajAAali Allahu lahu nooran fama lahu minnoorin أو كظلمات في بحر لجي يغشاه موج من فوقه موج من فوقه سحاب ظلمات بعضها فوق بعض إذا أخرج يده لم يكد يراها ومن لم يجعل الله له نورا فما له من نور
أَوْ كَظُلُمَاتٍ فِي بَحْرٍ لُّجِّيٍّ يَغْشَاهُ مَوْجٌ مِّن فَوْقِهِ مَوْجٌ مِّن فَوْقِهِ سَحَابٌ ظُلُمَاتٌ بَعْضُهَا فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ إِذَا أَخْرَجَ يَدَهُ لَمْ يَكَدْ يَرَاهَا وَمَن لَّمْ يَجْعَلِ اللَّهُ لَهُ نُورًا فَمَا لَهُ مِن نُّورٍ
Tahir ul Qadri

  یا (کافروں کے اعمال) اس گہرے سمندر کی تاریکیوں کی مانند ہیں جسے موج نے ڈھانپا ہوا ہو (پھر) اس کے اوپر ایک اور موج ہو (اور) اس کے اوپر بادل ہوں (یہ تہ در تہ) تاریکیاں ایک دوسرے کے اوپر ہیں، جب (ایسے سمندر میں ڈوبنے والا کوئی شخص) اپنا ہاتھ باہر نکالے تو اسے (کوئی بھی) دیکھ نہ سکے، اور جس کے لئے اللہ ہی نے نورِ (ہدایت) نہیں بنایا تو اس کے لئے (کہیں بھی) نور نہیں ہوتا

Yousuf AliOr (the Unbelievers' state) is like the depths of darkness in a vast deep ocean, overwhelmed with billow topped by billow, topped by (dark) clouds: depths of darkness, one above another: if a man stretches out his hands, he can hardly see it! for any to whom Allah giveth not light, there is no light!
 Words|

Ahmed Aliیا جیسے گہرے دریا میں اندھیرے ہوں اس پر ایک لہر چڑھ آتی ہے اس پرایک او رلہر ہے اس کے اوپر بادل ہے اوپر تلے بہت سے اندھیرے ہیں جب اپنا ہاتھ نکالے تو اسے کچھ بھی دیکھ نہ سکے اور جسے الله ہی نے نور نہ دیا ہو اس کے لیے کہیں نور نہیں ہے
Ahmed Raza Khanیا جیسے اندھیریاں کسی کنڈے کے (گہرائی والے) دریا میں اس کے اوپر موج مو ج کے اوپر اور موج اس کے اوپر بادل، اندھیرے ہیں ایک پر ایک جب اپنا ہاتھ نکالے تو سوجھائی دیتا معلوم نہ ہو اور جسے اللہ نور نہ دے اس کے لیے کہیں نور نہیں
Shabbir Ahmed یا ان کی مثال ایسی ہے جیسے تاریکیاں ہوں ایک گہرے سمندر میں چھائی ہُوئی ہو اس پر ایک موج اُس کے اُوپر ایک اور موج ہو اور اس کے اُوپر بادل ہوں (گویا کہ) تاریکیاں ہیں ایک دوسرے پر (چھائی ہُوئیں) جب نکالے کوئی اپنا ہاتھ تو نہ دیکھ پائے اُسے اور وہ شخص کو نہ بخشے اللہ اس کو روشنی تو نہیں پائے گا وہ (کہیں بھی) روشنی۔
Fateh Muhammad Jalandharyیا (ان کے اعمال کی مثال ایسی ہے) جیسے دریائے عمیق میں اندھیرے جس پر لہر چڑھی چلی آتی ہو اور اس کے اوپر اور لہر (آرہی ہو) اور اس کے اوپر بادل ہو، غرض اندھیرے ہی اندھیرے ہوں، ایک پر ایک (چھایا ہوا) جب اپنا ہاتھ نکالے تو کچھ نہ دیکھ سکے۔ اور جس کو خدا روشنی نہ دے اس کو (کہیں بھی) روشنی نہیں (مل سکتی)
Mehmood Al Hassanیا جیسے اندھیرے گہرے دریا میں چڑھی آتی ہے اس پر ایک لہر اس پر ایک اور لہر اس کے اوپر بادل اندھیرے ہیں ایک پر ایک جب نکالے اپنا ہاتھ لگتا نہیں کہ اس کو وہ سوجھے اور جسکو اللہ نے نہ دی روشنی اسکے واسطے کہیں نہیں روشنی
Abul Ala Maududiیا پھر اس کی مثال ایسی ہے جیسے ایک گہرے سمندر میں اندھیرا، کہ اوپر ایک موج چھائی ہوئی ہے، اُس پر ایک اور موج، اور اس کے اوپر بادل، تاریکی پر تاریکی مسلط ہے، آدمی اپنا ہاتھ نکالے تو اسے بھی نہ دیکھنے پائے جسے اللہ نور نہ بخشے اُس کے لیے پھر کوئی نور نہیں
Farooq S. Khan
Mohammad Shaikh
LiteralOr as darknesses in a wide roaring and noisy sea/ocean , waves/surges cover/darken him/it , from above it waves/surges, from above it clouds, darknesses, some of it (is) above some, if he brought out his hand he is not about to/almost see it, and who God did not make/put for him light, so (there is) none from light (is) to/for him.
Yusuf AliOr (the Unbelievers' state) is like the depths of darkness in a vast deep ocean, overwhelmed with billow topped by billow, topped by (dark) clouds: depths of darkness, one above another: if a man stretches out his hands, he can hardly see it! for any to whom Allah giveth not light, there is no light!
PickthalOr as darkness on a vast, abysmal sea. There covereth him a wave, above which is a wave, above which is a cloud. Layer upon layer of darkness. When he holdeth out his hand he scarce can see it. And he for whom Allah hath not appointed light, for him there is no light.
Arberry or they are as shadows upon a sea obscure covered by a billow above which is a billow above which are clouds, shadows piled one upon another; when he puts forth his hand, wellnigh he cannot see it. And to whomsoever God assigns no light, no light has he.
ShakirOr like utter darkness in the deep sea: there covers it a wave above which is another wave, above which is a cloud, (layers of) utter darkness one above another; when he holds out his hand, he is almost unable to see it; and to whomsoever Allah does not give light, he has no light.
SarwarOr it (the deeds of the unbelievers) are like the darkness of a deep, stormy sea with layers of giant waves, covered by dark clouds. It is darkness upon darkness whereby even if one stretches out his hands he can not see them. One can have no light unless God gives him light.
H/K/SaheehOr [they are] like darknesses within an unfathomable sea which is covered by waves, upon which are waves, over which are clouds darknesses, some of them upon others. When one puts out his hand [therein], he can hardly see it. And he to whom Allah has not granted light for him there is no light.
MalikOr another parable of unbelievers' efforts is that of a person trying to swim in a bottomless ocean overwhelmed with billows, one over the other, overcast with dark clouds - layers of utter darkness one above another - so much so that if he stretches out his hand, he can hardly see it. The one to whom Allah does not give light, will have no light![40]
Maulana Ali**Or like darkness in the deep sea -- there covers him a wave, above which is a wave, above which is a cloud -- (Layers) darkness one above another -- when he holds out his hand, he is almost unable to see it. And to whom Allah gives not light, he has no light.
Free MindsOr like the darkness out in a deep ocean in the midst of violent waves, with waves upon waves and dark clouds. Darkness upon darkness, if he brings out his own hand, he could barely see it. And for whomever God does not make a light, he will have no light.
Qaribullah Or, they are like darkness upon a deep sea covered with a wave above which is another wave, above which are clouds, darkness piled one upon the other; when he stretches out his hand he can scarcely see it. Indeed, to whomsoever Allah assigns no light, he shall have no light.
George SaleOr, as the darkness in a deep sea, covered by waves riding on waves, above which are clouds, being additions of darkness one over the other; when one stretcheth forth his hand, he is far from seeing it. And unto whomsoever God shall not grant his light, he shall enjoy no light at all.
JM RodwellOr like the darkness on the deep sea when covered by billows riding upon billows, above which are clouds: darkness upon darkness. When a man reacheth forth his hand, he cannot nearly see it! He to whom God shall not give light, no light at all hath he!
AsadOr [else, their deeds are] [I.e., their bad deeds, as contrasted with their good deeds, which in the preceding verse have been likened to a mirage.] like the depths of darkness upon an abysmal sea, made yet more dark by wave billowing over wave, with [black] clouds above it all: depths of darkness, layer upon layer, [Lit., "one above another".] [so that] when one holds up his hand, he can hardly see it: for he to whom God gives no light, no light whatever has he!
Khalifa**Another allegory is that of being in total darkness in the midst of a violent ocean, with waves upon waves, in addition to thick fog. Darkness upon darkness - if he looked at his own hand, he could barely see it. Whomever GOD deprives of light, will have no light.
Hilali/Khan**Or (the state of a disbeliever) is like the darkness in a vast deep sea, overwhelmed with a great wave topped by a great wave, topped by dark clouds, darkness, one above another, if a man stretches out his hand, he can hardly see it! And he for whom Allah has not appointed light, for him there is no light.
QXP Shabbir Ahemd**Or total darkness in the midst of a deep ocean, with waves upon waves and a thick cloud above - darkness upon darkness. When he holds out his hand, he can barely see it. Allah's Law does not give light to him who disregards His Light.
Farooq S. Khan
Mohammad Shaikh
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** - Read with caution - These Translations, specially those which are marked here with **, are considered either incorrect, far-fetched, non-conforming or misleading. For all translations, care must be exercised for certain verses or an alternate translation should be considered.
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بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
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